Click for new scientific resources and news about Corona[COVID-19]

Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   AUGUST 2014 , Volume 43 , Number SUPPLEMENT 2; Page(s) 76 To 76.
 
Paper: 

THE PREVALENCE OF MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT ESCHERICHIA COLI AMONG PATIENTS WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION REFERRED TO IMAM REZA HOSPITAL OF URMIA

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADZADEH AKBAR*, HASANI ALKA, ZAMANLOU SAJAD, PORMOHAMMAD ALI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MICROBIOLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of multidrug- resistance in ceftazidime-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from patients with urinary tract infection (UTI), that referred to Imam hospital of Urmia in the first half of 1392.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, all urine samples of patients admitted to Urmia Imam Hospital in the first half of 1392 were enrolled. After being cultured in EMB (Eosin methylene blue) and blood agar medium then differential medium and diagnose strains, resistant strains to ceftazidime That antibiogram pattern of them with disk diffusion method with antibiotics: cefepime, ceftazidime, cefotaxime amikacin, Nitrofurantoin, gentamicin, trimethoprim, nalidixic acid, ceftriaxone, imipenem, cefotaxime, Cefixime, cephalexin, ciprofloxacin, and aztreonam, cotrimoxazol, cefepime using standard National Committee for clinical laboratory (CLSI) were studied.
Results: Total 8560 urine samples were examined, of which 1260 (14.7%) were positive cultures (UTI). 812 (64.5%) women and 448 (35.5%) men were from positive cultures that 902 samples from positive cultures were Ecoli of which 181 samples showed resistance to ceftazidime. Patterns of antibiotic resistance were respectively: Cefixime, Ceftriaxone, cephalexin (100%), Aztreonam (96.8%), Cefepime (95.2%), Nalidixic acid (87.3%), trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (66.6%), ciprofloxacin (63.4%), gentamicin (53.9%), nitrofurantoin (23%), amikacin (14.2%). All the isolates were susceptible to imipenem.
Conclusion: In this study, the most resistance was observed to antibiotics: cefexime, ceftriaxone, cephalexin, aztreonam, cefepime, Nalidixic acid. So we recommend doctors of this city not to use these antibiotics for treatment, especially for treating urinary tract infections.

 
Keyword(s): ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE, E. COLI, MDR, URMIA
 
References: 
  • ندارد
 
  Yearly Visit 41
 
Latest on Blog
Enter SID Blog