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Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   APRIL 2014 , Volume 14 , Number 4; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

HEPATITIS B SPLICE-GENERATED PROTEIN ANTIBODIES IN SYRIAN CHRONIC HEPATITIS B PATIENTS: INCIDENCE AND SIGNIFICANCE

 
 
Author(s):  AL HANAFI NOUR*, MONEM FAWZA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF BIOCHEMISTRY AND MICROBIOLOGY, FACULTY OF PHARMACY, DAMASCUS UNIVERSITY, DAMASCUS, SYRIA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Previous studies have suggested hepatitis B splice-generated protein (HBSP), when expressed, is involved in the pathogenesis of HBV infection.
Objectives: We aimed to evaluate anti-HBSP incidence and association with several HBV infection parameters in a group of Syrian chronic hepatitis B patients.
Patients and Methods: Eighty treatment-naïve HBsAg-positive adult chronic hepatitis B patients' sera were included in our prospective targeted study. Liver function, virological and histological tests results were obtained from patients’ medical files. Three variants of a 20-mer HBSP-derived peptide were designed based on HBV genome sequences obtained from Syrian patients' sera (GenBank Accession No. JN257148-JN257217). Microtiter plate wells were coated with the synthetic peptides and used to detect anti-HBSP antibodies by an optimized indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Samples were considered positive when showed optical density (OD) values higher than the cut-off value for at least one peptide variant.
Results: Seven out of eighty (9%) CHB patients were positive for anti-HBSP antibodies. Mean OD values were not significantly different between HBeAg-positive and -negative patients (P>0.05). OD values showed weak positive correlation with ALT and AST values (P<0.05), and weak to moderate positive correlation with liver biopsy staging ranks (P<0.05). No significant correlation was revealed with viral load values or liver biopsy grading ranks (P>0.05).
Conclusions: We introduced an anti-HBSP antibodies ELISA, designed for locally circulating HBV strains. Correlation observed of Anti-HBSP with liver fibrosis staging regardless of viral replication and liver inflammation suggests anti-HBSP antibodies as possible indicator for HBV-associated liver fibrosis.

 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS B, CHRONIC, SYRIA, HBSP PROTEIN, HEPATITIS B VIRUS
 
References: 
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