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Paper Information

Journal:   CURRICULUM PLANNING KNOWLEDGE & RESEARCH IN EDUCATIONAL SCIENCES   WINTER 2015 , Volume 11 , Number 16 (43); Page(s) 132 To 147.
 
Paper: 

CONTENTLY ANALYZING THE EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE TEXTBOOKS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS: BASED ON THE TYPES OF LESSON QUESTIONS

 
 
Author(s):  HUSSEINI YAZDI ATIYE SADAT*, AHMADIYAN MINA
 
* SHAHED UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study was conducted to contently analyze the experimental science textbooks of primary schools, based on the various types of questions. The study benefits from the descriptive method in identifying the types of questions and, also, content analysis method to investigate how the questions are used in the books. To do so, the question type sentences were the units of analysis. Because of the limited number of the statistical population, elementary science text books, no sampling method was applied. To collect the data, content analysis was used, whose validity was confirmed by the experts of the educational science. Its reliability, also, was calculated by William Scott’s formula as %81. Based on the findings, it is concluded that in the textbook of the first grade of elementary school, the concave and individual-oriented questions were of the highest frequency and the result-oriented questions were of the lowest amount. In the textbook of the second level, also, concave and background questions were highly frequent; whereas, the result-oriented questions were the lowest. Taking the questions of the textbooks of the third and fourth level into consideration, the analysis presented the superiority of the concave and practical questions over the questions with result-orientation, possessing the least amount. Finally within the scope of the textbook at level five, the concave questions and those with subject orientation showed the highest frequency, and the result-oriented along with the predictive ones were found to be the least. The result of the Chi-square test, also, showed that there exists a significant relationship between the observed values and the expected ones in all experimental science textbooks in primary school.

 
Keyword(s): CONTENT ANALYSIS, EXPERIMENTAL SCIENCE, PRIMARY EDUCATION
 
References: 
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