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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   JULY 2013 , Volume 15 , Number 7; Page(s) 590 To 594.
 
Paper: 

KI-67 EXPRESSION IN HYDATIDIFORM MOLES AND HYDROPIC ABORTIONS

 
 
Author(s):  KHOOEI ALIREZA, ATABAKI PASDAR FATEMEH*, FAZEL ALIREZA, MAHMOUDI MAHMOUD, NIKRAVESH MOHAMMAD REZA, KHAJE DELUI MOHAMMAD, POURHEYDAR BAGHER
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ANATOMICAL SCIENCES, URMIA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, URMIA, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Differential diagnoses of hydatidiform moles from non-molar specimens as well as their sub-classification such as complete and partial hydatidiform moles are important for clinical management and accurate risk assessment for persistent gestational trophoblastic disease, but diagnosis based solely on histomorphology suffers from poor interobserver and intraobserver reproducibility.
Objectives: This study was undertaken to determine whether the expression of Ki-67 protein could differentiate these entities.
Materials and Methods: We performed Ki-67 immunohistochemical staining in 19 molar (8 partial and 11 complete moles) and 10 non-molar (hydropic abortions) formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue samples. Ploidy analysis using flow cytometry had confirmed diploidy in hydropic abortions and complete moles and triploidy in partial moles.
Results: Ki-67 immunoreactivity was assessed in villous cytotrophoblasts, syncytiotrophoblasts and stromal cells. Positive cells were found to be restricted mostly to the villous cytotrophoblasts, while syncytiotrophoblasts showed an absence of immunostaining for Ki-67, and occasional weak nuclear staining was seen in the stromal cells. There was a significant difference in Ki-67 immunoreactivity of cytotrophoblastic cells between hydropic abortions and complete moles (P<0.001), hydropic abortions and partial moles (P=0.002) and also between complete and partial moles (P<0.001). On the other hand, there is significant overlap in the Ki-67 immunoreactivity between complete and partial moles (+staining category) and between partial moles and hydropic abortions (+staining category).
Conclusions: Despite the significant differences, Ki-67 immunostaining could not be helpful in distinguishing molar placentas from hydropic abortions as well as partial from complete hydatidiform moles, because there are considerable overlaps between results in different categories.

 
Keyword(s): HYDATIDIFORM MOLE, ABORTION, IMMUNOHISTOCHEMISTRY, KI-67 ANTIGEN
 
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