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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN REHABILITATION SCIENCES   OCTOBER-NOVAMBER 2013 , Volume 9 , Number 4; Page(s) 754 To 766.
 
Paper: 

NEURO-OCCUPATION: A NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEM PERSPECTIVE TO THE BRAIN’S NEURAL MECHANISM

 
 
Author(s):  DERAKHSHAN RAD SEYED ALIREZA, RASSAFIANI MEHDI*, HAGHGOO HOJATOLAH, HALTI WANGER EMILY PIVEN, NAZERAN HOMAYOUN
 
* OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY DEPARTMENT, PEDIATRICS NEUROREHABILITATION RESEARCH CENTER, UNIVERSITY OF WELFARE & REHABILITATION SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Neuro-occupation is one of the newest models in Occupational Therapy (abbreviated hereafter as OT). The nature of this model is based on the coexistence and dynamic interactions between brain’s neural system functions and engagement of an individual in occupations. The neuro-occupation model holistically views an individual as a blending of neuroscience and occupation. The human brain is perceived to be a self-organized, complex and adaptive system, which in order to achieve the ideal performance, must be in connection with the environment through occupations carried out by the individual.
Materials and Methods: This paper introduces concepts and principles of the model in detail. Applying principles of this model, the behavior of a client with depression and diabetes was reviewed to demonstrate how this model guides thinking about the client differently when compared to other OT models. Since the studies adopting the model are in preliminary and basic stages and no experimental or observational studies have been made in this area to date, this article was a narrative review by which the neuro-occupational model in OT was introduced.
Results: The structure of neuro-occupation model is based on the close relationship between neurological processes and occupation. The three stages of the model i.e. «Intention», «Meaning» and «Perception», show how the function of the brain’s neural system, through finding the meaning while participating in purposeful occupations, regulates emergence of new adaptive behaviors hence enabling the individual to cope with his/her life’s challenges.
Conclusion: This model is applicable to a wide range of clients with diverse diagnoses. Therefore, with regards to the self-organization phenomena within the brain’s neural system functions, clients can be expected to pass through the distinct stages of Intention, Meaning and Perception.

 
Keyword(s): NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEM, NEURO-OCCUPATION, NEUROSCIENCE, OCCUPATION, BRAIN
 
References: 
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