Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   SEPTEMBER 2013 , Volume 15 , Number 9; Page(s) 813 To 816.
 
Paper: 

PROTECTIVE EFFECT OF TRAGOPOGON GRAMINIFOLIUS DC AGAINST ETHANOL INDUCED GASTRIC ULCER

 
Author(s):  FARZAEI MOHAMAD HOSEIN, KHAZAEI MOZAFAR*, ABBASABADEI ZAHRA, FEYZMAHDAVI MARYAM, MOHSENI GHOLAM REZA
 
* FERTILITY AND INFERTILITY RESEARCH CENTER, KERMANSHAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, KERMANSHAH, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Gastric ulcer is a serious digestive system problem and affects 5% to 10% of people during their life. Chemical antigastric ulcer drugs have side effect, cannot prevent recurrence of ulcer and also show drug interaction with many other medicaments. Tragopogon graminifolius DC. (TG) is a herb which is widely used in the west of Iran and traditionally consumed for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. TG was introduced as one of the most beneficial plants for digestive ulcer in Iranian traditional medicine.
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the acute toxicity and protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of TG (HeTG) against ethanol induced gastric ulcer.
Materials and Methods: Male Wistar rats were divided into five groups (n=7). HeTG at the doses of 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg were administered orally for 15 days and gastric ulcer was induced by pure ethanol (1 ml/200gr body weight). Ulcer index and protective rate were calculated and histological changes were determined.
Results: HeTG was nontoxic up to 2000 mg/Kg. Ulcer index decreased in extract groups significantly. Protective rates of HeTG were 48.94%, 46.39%, and 43.99% in 50, 100, and 150 mg/kg extract, respectively.50 mg/kg HeTG group had higher protective effect. There was relatively normal cellular arrangement in HeTG groups.
Conclusions: TG showed protective effect against ethanol induced gastric ulcer. This study confirmed traditional medicine claims of TG.

 
Keyword(s): GASTRIC ULCER, PROTECTIVE EFFECT, TRAGOPOGON, TRADITIONAL MEDICINE
 
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