Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF THE STUDIES OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS PLANNING (JOURNAL OF GEOGRAPHICAL LANDSCAPE)   WINTER 2014 , Volume 8 , Number 25; Page(s) 39 To 55.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF MANUFACTURING WORKSHOPS ON SLUM COMMUNITIES (CASE STUDY: GHALE SAKHTEMAN AND ABKUH IN MASHHAD)

 
 
Author(s):  AJZA SHAKOHI M., MEHRVARZ A., MEHRNOUSH A.*
 
* UNIVERSITY OF FERDOWSI, INTERNATIONAL BRANCH, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Rural - urban migration is one of the consequences of growing industrial cities. This kind of migration has continued in recent decades, especially toward metropolitan cities. The subjects such as living problems, job finding and employment for the slummers which have been accommodated in slums, is of the great challenges for the governments. The lack of enough education and necessary skills to find a suitable job has resulted in disillusion among young slummers. At the present study, we have illustrated the significance of the impact of manufacturing workshops on population aggregate in one of the slums in Mashhad. Some 254 workshops were chosen, from which 84 workshops were in the Abkuh and the others were located in Ghaleh Sakhteman. The Cochran model was used to define the number of the workshops. The procedure of the investigation is based on questionnaire forms which have been filled by participants in these two case locations. Our results have shown that one of the most important reasons to choose the work place is the implication distance from living home for both employers and workers. The familiarity relationship between employers and workers is another factor for absorbing the migrant populations to these areas. From the aspect of ethnic texture, the origin of most emigrants to Ghaleh Sakhteman were from small towns in big Khorasan province such as Fariman, Ghoochan, Torbat and etc, while the emigrants to Abkuh were originated mostly from other cities like Qum, Kerman, Kashan and Tehran.

 
Keyword(s): SLUM, MIGRATION, MANUFACTURING WORKSHOPS, DISTANCE, JOB SATISFACTION
 
References: 
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