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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 10; Page(s) 1 To 7.
 
Paper: 

OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA IN A CABLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY

 
 
Author(s):  ATTARCHI MIRSAEED, DEHGHAN FAEZEH, YAZDANPARAST TARANEH, MOHAMMADI SABER, GOLCHIN MAHDIE, SADEGHI ZARGHAM, MOAFI MASOUD, SEYED MEHDI SEYED MOHAMMAD*
 
* RESEARCH CENTER OF CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE, NATIONAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASES, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: During the past decade, incidence of asthma has increased, which might have been due to environmental exposures.
Objectives: Considering the expansion of cable manufacturing industry in Iran, the present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of occupational asthma in a cable manufacturing company in Iran as well as its related factors.
Patients and Methods: This study was conducted on employees of a cable manufacturing company in Yazd, Iran, in 2012. The workers were divided into two groups of exposure (to toluene diisocyanate, polyvinyl chloride, polyethylene or polypropylene) and without exposure. Diagnosis of occupational asthma was made based on the subjects’ medical history, spirometry and peak flowmetry, and its frequency was compared between the two groups.
Results: The overall prevalence of occupational asthma was 9.7%. This rate was 13.8% in the exposed group. Logistic regression analysis showed that even after adjustment for confounding factors, a significant correlation existed between the frequency of occupational asthma and exposure to the produced dust particles (P<0.05). In addition, age, work experience, body mass index, cigarette smoking and shift work had significant correlations with the prevalence of occupational asthma (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Considering the high prevalence of occupational asthma among cable manufacturing company workers in Iran, this issue needs to be addressed immediately in addition to reduction of exposure among subjects. Reduction in work shift duration, implementation of tobacco control and cessation programs for the personnel, and performing spirometry tests and respiratory examinations in shorter periods may be among effective measures for reducing the incidence of occupational asthma in this industry.

 
Keyword(s): ASTHMA, OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA, OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE
 
 
References: 
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APA: Copy

ATTARCHI, M., & DEHGHAN, F., & YAZDANPARAST, T., & MOHAMMADI, S., & GOLCHIN, M., & SADEGHI, Z., & MOAFI, M., & SEYED MEHDI, S. (2014). OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA IN A CABLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ), 16(10), 1-7. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410632



Vancouver: Copy

ATTARCHI MIRSAEED, DEHGHAN FAEZEH, YAZDANPARAST TARANEH, MOHAMMADI SABER, GOLCHIN MAHDIE, SADEGHI ZARGHAM, MOAFI MASOUD, SEYED MEHDI SEYED MOHAMMAD. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA IN A CABLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ). 2014 [cited 2021November27];16(10):1-7. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410632



IEEE: Copy

ATTARCHI, M., DEHGHAN, F., YAZDANPARAST, T., MOHAMMADI, S., GOLCHIN, M., SADEGHI, Z., MOAFI, M., SEYED MEHDI, S., 2014. OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA IN A CABLE MANUFACTURING COMPANY. IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ), [online] 16(10), pp.1-7. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410632.



 
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