Paper Information

Journal:   ECO-PHYTOCHEMICAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL PLANTS   SUMMER 2014 , Volume 2 , Number 2 (6); Page(s) 10 To 19.
 
Paper: 

EFFECT OF CANOPY GEOGRAPHICAL DIRECTIONS ON HESPERIDIN AND NARINGIN FLAVONOIDS OF FOUR CITRUS SPECIES FRUITS

 
 
Author(s):  HEMMATI KH., SHABANI E.*, BASHIRI SADR Z., AKBARPOUR V.
 
* HORTICULTURE SCIENCE, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Naringin and hesperidin from citrus fruit flavonoid secondary materials, those are important in the pharmaceutical industry. In order to evaluate these compounds in four citrus species research based on a completely randomized split plot design with three replications. In this experiment, four kinds of citrus fruits, including mandarin, orange, orange and sour lemon in canopy of four geographical directions (north, south, east and west) in the early stages of fruit development in order to measure the quality and quantity of flavonoids the naringin and hesperidin was used. Measured characteristics including fruit weight, fruit diameter, thick-skinned fruit, dry matter fruit, the rate of total extraction, the amount of naringin and hesperidin in total extract was determinate. The results showed that, weight, diameter and thickness of fruit peel, fruit dry matter content, the total amount of fruit juice and amount of hesperidin and naringin in total extract, had a significant difference in cultivars and geographical directions. So that the highest dry matter (58.9) in the South and most of the total extract (2.8 grams per hundred grams of dry material) of fruit is produced in the West. The highest amount of naringjn (8.8 percent) in lemon was produced in North direction. The highest amount of hesperidin (2.5%) in local orange was produced in different directions and there was no significant difference in term of production of hesperidin. Naringin in local orange and mandarin varieties and hesperidin in orange and lemon did not produce. Therefore, it is advisable to extract the naringin of lime in the north.

 
Keyword(s): CITRUS SPECIESM, GEOGRAPHICAL DIRETIONS, NARINGIN AND HESERIDEN
 
References: 
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