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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCHES IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE   SPRING 2014 , Volume 1 , Number 2; Page(s) 7 To 22.
 
Paper: 

RELATION AMONG MEANING, AESTHETICS, SHAPE AND STRUCTURE IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE OF IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  HEJAZI MEHRDAD, MEHDIZADEH SARADJ FATEMEH*
 
* SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM, IRAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
 
Abstract: 

In the Islamic architecture of Iran, meaning, aesthetics, shape and structure are four fundamental factors.
It is by an appropriate combination of them that a traditional architect will be able to manifest an image of metaphysical world in the material world. A rational and integrated relation of these factors has put the Islamic architecture of Iran in an outstanding position. An important challenge of the modern architecture is the lack of an integrated relation among its constituting factors. The main cause of this shortcoming is moving away from traditional roots and doctrines which have lead to the disintegration in different phases of design process and construction, changing architects education, and fast construction.
In order to disclose the relation between metaphysical factors (meaning and aesthetics) and physical factors (function, form, geometry and structure) in architecture, it is first necessary to analyse cases that contain the relation in an outstanding way. For this reason, a number of majestic historical mosques, in which the manifestation of meaning in their form has been proved, have been studied. Literature on meaning, aesthetics, geometry and structure has been reviewed. Utilisation of the four factors in historical buildings of Iran has been explained. Relation among interfering factors in design process has been illustrated in the buildings. An algorithm for architectural design process in the modern world has been proposed in which the positions of the four factors have been defined.

 
Keyword(s): MEANING, AESTHETICS, SHAPE, GEOMETRY, STRUCTURE, DESIGN PROCESS, PERSIAN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE
 
References: 
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  Persian Abstract Yearly Visit 93
 
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