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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MIDWIFERY & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH   2014 , Volume 2 , Number 3; Page(s) 150 To 156.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF LATE-PREGNANCY CONSUMPTION OF DATE FRUIT ON CERVICAL RIPENING IN NULLIPAROUS WOMEN

 
 
Author(s):  KORDI MASOUMEH, AGHAEI MEYBODI FATEMEH, TARA FATEMEH, NEMATI MOHSEN, SHAKERI MOHAMMAD TAGHI
 
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Abstract: 

Background & aim: Cervical ripening before the onset of labor is an important factor for the prediction of delivery mode, and is directly associated with vaginal delivery. The search for a safe, inexpensive, and easy method of cervical ripening is of great significance. Few studies have focused on the effect of date fruit on uterine contractions and cervical ripening. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of late pregnancy consumption of date fruit on cervical ripening in nulliparous women.
Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 210 women with a singleton pregnancy, cephalic presentation, and gestational age of 37-38 weeks. The study was conducted at Omolbanin Hospital, Mashhad, Iran in 2013. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of 105 women (experimental and control groups). Since the 37th week of gestation, the experimental group consumed date fruit (70 to 75 gr per day) until the onset of labor pain, and the control group received routine care. Data were collected using demographic questionnaires, fetal movement record form, and the checklist related to daily consumption of date fruit. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 14, and Chi-square, t student, and Mann-Whitney test. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean Bishop score at admission was higher in the experimental group (7.67
±2.28), compared to the control group (5.12±2.77) (P<0.001). Mean cervical dilatation at admission was 4.05±1.63 cm in the experimental group and 2.97±4.63 cm in the control group (P<0.05). Also the success rate of labor induction was higher in the experimental group compared to the control group (P=0.006).
Conclusion: Mean cervical dilatation was higher in women consuming date fruit, compared to the non-consuming group. Since date fruit is full of energy and nutrients, it is recommended for pregnant women to help with cervical ripening, particularly in the last weeks of gestation.

 
Keyword(s): BISHOP SCORE, CERVICAL RIPENING, DATE FRUIT, NULILIPAROUS WOMEN
 
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