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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN ENDODONTIC JOURNAL (IEJ)   2013 , Volume 8 , Number 3; Page(s) 123 To 128.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE OF TOOTHACHE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS: A POPULATION-BASED STUDY IN SOUTHEAST IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  KAKOEI SHAHLA, PARIROKH MASOUD, NAKHAEE NOUZAR, JAMSHIDSHIRAZI FOROGH, RAD MARYAM, KAKOOEI SINA*
 
* ORAL AND DENTAL DISEASES RESEARCH CENTER, SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY, SHAFA STREET, JOMHORI ESLAMI BOULEVARD, POSTAL CODE: 7618759554, KERMAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: This study was carried out to estimate toothache prevalence among adult residents in Kerman.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted among individuals aged over 18 years (n=1800). The relevant data on the prevalence of toothache and associated factors were collected by interviewing the individuals in their homes and filling out a questionnaire designed by the examiners. Prevalence of toothache and associated factors that patients recalled previous to their interview were analyzed by chi-square test and multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Nine hundred ninety-one individuals (55.1%) reported toothache during the 6 months before the interview. The participants who flossed daily, had regular dental visits, and had higher education showed a significantly lower prevalence of toothache (P<0.05), whereas regular tooth brushing and economic level of residency had no significant effect on the prevalence of toothache. Individuals between the ages of 26 and 45 [odds ratio (OR)=2.0], with a family size of more than 4 (OR=1.5), not using dental floss (OR=1.5), or having a mental or psychological illness (OR=1.5) were more likely to have a history of toothache.
Conclusion: High prevalence of toothache (more than half) among residents of Kerman shows a serious and major public health problem. Toothache prevalence in middle aged adults, lower education, bigger family size, lower dental hygiene habit and/or those having mental or psychological illness were more common in the city of Kerman.

 
Keyword(s): DENTAL HEALTH SERVICES, DENTAL HYGIENE, EDUCATION STATUS, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, EPIDEMIOLOGY, IRAN, PAIN, PREVALENCE, TOOTHACHE
 
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