Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF MIDWIFERY & REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH   2014 , Volume 2 , Number 2; Page(s) 136 To 142.
 
Paper: 

MAJOR CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS FOR MENOPAUSAL AND NON-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN, COMPARED WITH MEN OF THE SAME AGE, AMONG PATIENTS ADMITTED TO THE CARDIOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF IMAM REZA HOSPITAL, MASHHAD, IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MAHDAVIAN MITRA*, ABBASSIAN HASSAN
 
* AZAD UNIVERSITY OF BOJNOURD, DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY, BOJNOURD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background & aim: Menopause refers to the cessation of menstruation due to hormonal changes and ovarian inactivity in women. These changes in hormone levels lead to various health consequences. This period of physiological change usually starts in women with 40-50 years of age, and is characterized by the reduction of estrogen level. The mortality rate of premenopausal women, due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), is one fifth of men, though it rapidly increases after the menopause. Therefore, this descriptive study was conducted in order to determine the cardiovascular risk factors for menopausal and non-menopausal women in comparison with men of the same age.
Methods: The study sample included patients referring to the cardiology department of Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. The subjects were divided into 4 groups: non-menopausal women (n=35), men of the same age (as the non-menopausal women, n=35), menopausal women (n=50), and men of the same age (as the menopausal women, n=50). All criteria related to major cardiovascular risk factors including systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP), cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and low and high-density lipoprotein (LDL and HDL) were measured and compared in all four groups. In order to analyze the data, Fisher's exact test was carried out, using SPSS version 16.
Results: There was a significant difference between non-menopausal women and men of the same age with regard to high SBP and DBP, hypercholesterolemia, low HDL, and high LDL. However, no significant difference was observed among these groups, regarding high levels of TG. The menopausal women and men of the same age showed significant differences in terms of high SBP and low HDL. However, no differences were observed in DBP, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and high LDL.
Conclusion: Menopausal women, non-menopausal women, and men had significant differences in terms of high SBP and low HDL. However, regarding high DBP, hypercholesterolemia, and high LDL, there was a significant difference only between non-menopausal women and men of the same age.

 
Keyword(s): BLOOD PRESSURE, CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, CHOLESTEROL, LOW AND HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN, MENOPAUSE, TRIGLYCERIDE
 
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