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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF HEALTH EDUCATION AND HEALTH PROMOTION   2014 , Volume 2 , Number 2; Page(s) 143 To 152.
 
Paper: 

THE IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ON PROMOTING SELF-CARE BEHAVIORS IN PATIENTS WITH SMEAR-POSITIVE PULMONARY TB (SELF-CARE BEHAVIORS)

 
 
Author(s):  JADGAL KHIR MOHAMAD, ZAREBAN IRAJ, ALIZADEH SIUKI HADI*, IZADIRAD HOSSEIN
 
* INSTRUCTOR OF TORBAT HEYDARIYEH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (THUMS), TORBAT HEYDARIYEH, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background and objective: One of the most common infectious diseases is Tuberculosis. It yearly causes more than 2 million death in the world. This study aimed to determine the impact of health education based on Health Belief Model on promoting self-care behaviors in patients with smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis in Chabahar in 2013.
Methods: Framework of this quasi-experimental study was Health Belief Model. Data was collected by researcher-made questionnaire. 80 TB patients were selected as samples through classified random sampling and divided into case and control groups. Educational sessions for case group were performed through face-to-face and question-and-answer sessions in 2 training sessions for 2 month. No educational intervention were done on control group. Training materials were manuals and pamphlets. Both groups were followed for one month after the intervention to perform a post test. The data collected were analyzed by using SPSS16 software and descriptive and analytical tests.
Results: The mean scores of perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cause to action, self-efficacy, knowledge and self-care behaviors were increased significantly following intervention and paired sample t-test showed a significant change in the case group, but this change was not significant in the control group.
Conclusion: Health education promotes self-care behaviors of TB patient through Health Belief Model.

 
Keyword(s): SELF, CARE BEHAVIORS, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL, SMEAR, POSITIVE PULMONARY TB, CHABAHAR
 
References: 
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