Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   JUNE 2014 , Volume 14 , Number 6; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper:  EXPRESSION PROFILES OF CIRCULATING CYTOKINES, CHEMOKINES AND IMMUNE CELLS IN PATIENTS WITH HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION
 
Author(s):  LIAN JIAN QI, YANG XIAO FEI, ZHAO RONG RONG, ZHAO YAN YAN, LI YU, ZHANG YE*, HUANG CHANG XING*
 
* CENTER FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES, TANGDU HOSPITAL, FOURTH MILITARY MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, XI’AN, CHINA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Immune cells and molecules play a vital role in initiating, maintaining, regulating immunological homeostasis and inflammation in many pathological and physiological processes; however, the changes on expressions and functions of these cells and molecules in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection have not been elucidated well.
Objectives: The current study aimed to determine the expression pattern of different cytokines, chemokines, immune cells in HBV infection and their association with disease progression.
Patients and Methods: Sixty-nine patients with chronic HBV infection were enrolled. Five immune cell subsets and 46 cytokines and chemokines were analyzed by flow cytometry and Luminex 200.
Results: In comparison to healthy individuals and asymptomatic HBV carriers, expression of CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, and IL-10 were elevated in patients with chronic active HBV and had positive correlation with ALT levels. In contrast, G-CSF, MCP-3, and IFN-
g levels were significantly decreased in patients with chronic active HBV infection in contrast to carriers and healthy individuals; however, these down regulations did not show any correlation with either virological findings or liver inflammation. Although the proportion of CD4+ CD25 high regulatory T cells (Tregs) was higher in patients with HBV infection than in healthy controls, no correlations were found between Tregs and other cytokines or chemokines.
Conclusions: CXCR3-associated chemokines might contribute to liver inflammation in chronic hepatitis B, while MCP-3 and G-CSF were inhibited by HBV infection. Host immune response was suppressed as manifested by an increase in CD4+ CD25high Tregs and IL-10 as well as a decrease in IFN-
g. Exploiting the expression pattern of cytokine and chemokine may help to develop a better understanding of chronic HBV infection pathogenesis.

 
Keyword(s): HEPATITIS B VIRUS, CYTOKINES, CHEMOKINES, IMMUNOMODULATION
 
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