Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 10; Page(s) 1436 To 1443.
 
Paper: 

DEMENTIA STILL DIAGNOSED TOO LATE – DATA FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC (SHORT COMMUNICATION)

 
 
Author(s):  LUZNY JAN*, HOLMEROVA IVA, WIJA PETR, ONDREJKA IGOR
 
* DEPT. OF PSYCHOGERIATRY, MENTAL HOSPITAL KROMERIZ, KROMERIZ, CZECH REPUBLIC
 
Abstract: 

Background: The goal of the study is to evaluate the sensitivity of Czech physicians to the early diagnosis of dementia in patients with memory impairment.
Methods: A retrospective observational study was designed. We have reviewed the electronic medical records of patients who have been hospitalized for the first time due to dementia of any type at the Kromeriz Mental hospital from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2013 (24-month period). Pluralistic methods combining the qualitative and quantitative approach were used in this study.
Results: Dementia of any type was diagnosed in 125 patients in the monitored period. The mean time between patient memory complaints and his / her admission to our facility for their first hospitalization due to dementia was 7.1 years (+- 3.7 years). Most patients with dementia had no prior outpatient treatment of their memory impairment (56.2%); a minority of patients (43.8%) had treatment of their memory impairment by an outpatient physician.
Conclusion: The sensitivity of Czech physicians to the early diagnosis of dementia is very low. Any delay in starting the treatment of dementia means a worsened effectiveness of this treatment, a worsened quality of life of patients with dementia and their caregivers. Our recommendations for both the early diagnosis and treatment of dementia should be involved in guidelines and should become a part of the pregraduate and postgraduate education of all physicians.

 
Keyword(s): DEMENTIA, COGNITIVE ENHANCERS, ELECTRONIC MEDICAL RECORDS, CONTENT ANALYSIS
 
References: 
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