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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 10; Page(s) 1372 To 1379.
 
Paper: 

COMPARISON OF AGE- STANDARD INCIDENCE RATE TRENDS OF GYNECOLOGIC AND BREAST CANCER IN IRAN AND OTHER COUNTRIES

 
 
Author(s):  ARAB MALIHEH*, NOGHABAEI GITI
 
* DEPT. OF GYNECOLOGY-ONCOLOGY, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Female cancer, especially breast and gynecologic cancers are considered multistage disease, highly influenced by risk and protective factors and/or screening preventive modalities. Consequences of all these factors result in the trend of change over time.
Methods: In this comparative study, based on data of national cancer registry of Iran 2004 published by Iranian Ministry of Health, age– standard incidence rate (ASR) according to the world population was calculated in all reported gynecologic and breast cancers. Source of all subjects are pathologic based. In the next step, the calculated ASR of Iran and those of the other countries in 2004 were compared to GLOBOCAN ASR reports of 2008.
Results: In Iran ASR of breast cancer 2004 (24.93) changed to 18.4 in 2008. Ovarian cancer ASR of 2004, 3.07 was 3.1 in 2008. Endometrial cancer ASR in 2004 (2.29) was 1.7 in 2008. Cervical cancer ASR of 1.71 in 2004 was 2.2 in 2008.
Conclusions: In Iran incidence trend of breast and endometrium are decreasing in the same direction of USA and Australia. Increasing trend of ovary and cervix ASR in Iran is in the inverse direction of USA and Australia which are decreasing. Future studies to find out the same trend or any changes, might develop these findings and improve consequent practical decisions based on results of this study and complementary future studies.

 
Keyword(s): OVARIAN CANCER, CERVICAL CANCER, BREAST CANCER, GYNECOLOGIC MALIGNANCIES, IRAN
 
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