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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH POLICY AND MANAGEMENT   2014 , Volume 3 , Number 2; Page(s) 71 To 76.
 
Paper: 

PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF UNDER-NUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER SIX: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN FARS PROVINCE, IRAN

 
DOI: 

10.15171/ijhpm.2014.63

 
Author(s):  KAVOSI ELHAM, HASSANZADEH ROSTAMI ZAHRA*, KAVOSI ZAHRA, NASIHATKON ALIASGHAR, MOGHADAMI MOHSEN, HEIDARI MOHAMMADREZA
 
* SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Childhood malnutrition as a major public health problem among children in developing countries can affect physical and intellectual growth and is also considered as a main cause of child morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of under-nutrition and identify determinants of malnutrition among children under 6 years of age in Fars province, Iran.
Methods: This survey was conducted by house to house visit through multi-stage sampling in 30 cities of Fars province, during December 2012 to January 2013. A total of 15408 children, aged 0-6 years old, were studied for nutritional assessment in terms of underweight, stunting, and wasting. Also, socio-demographic measures were obtained from structured questionnaire. Backward stepwise logistic regression was used to relate underlying factors to the odds of under-nutrition indices.
Results: The rates of stunting, underweight, and wasting were 9.53, 9.66, and 8.19%, respectively. Male children were more stunted compared to females (OR=1.41, CI: 1.26-1.58). Also, stunting was significantly associated with lower family income (OR=3.21, CI: 1.17-8.85) and lower maternal education (OR=0.80, CI: 0.64-0.98). Living in urban areas, and poor water supply were identified as significant risk factors of all three types of childhood under-nutrition. Moreover, Khamse and Arab ethnic groups were more vulnerable to under-nutrition. There was a suggestion that non-access to health services were associated with wasting (OR=1.87, CI: 1.39-2.52) and also large family size was related to underweight (OR=1.35, CI: 1.10-1.65).
Conclusion: The prevalence of under-nutrition in the study population was categorized in low levels. However, planning the public preventive strategies can help to control childhood under-nutrition according to underlying factors of malnutrition in the study population including gender, settlement area, family size, ethnicity, family income, maternal education, health services, and also safe water supply.

 
Keyword(s): CHILDREN, PREVALENCE, MALNUTRITION, STUNTING, UNDERWEIGHT, WASTING
 
 
References: 
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Citations: 
 
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APA: Copy

KAVOSI, E., & HASSANZADEH ROSTAMI, Z., & KAVOSI, Z., & NASIHATKON, A., & MOGHADAMI, M., & HEIDARI, M. (2014). PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF UNDER-NUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER SIX: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN FARS PROVINCE, IRAN. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH POLICY AND MANAGEMENT, 3(2), 71-76. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410126



Vancouver: Copy

KAVOSI ELHAM, HASSANZADEH ROSTAMI ZAHRA, KAVOSI ZAHRA, NASIHATKON ALIASGHAR, MOGHADAMI MOHSEN, HEIDARI MOHAMMADREZA. PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF UNDER-NUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER SIX: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN FARS PROVINCE, IRAN. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH POLICY AND MANAGEMENT. 2014 [cited 2021November27];3(2):71-76. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410126



IEEE: Copy

KAVOSI, E., HASSANZADEH ROSTAMI, Z., KAVOSI, Z., NASIHATKON, A., MOGHADAMI, M., HEIDARI, M., 2014. PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF UNDER-NUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN UNDER SIX: A CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY IN FARS PROVINCE, IRAN. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH POLICY AND MANAGEMENT, [online] 3(2), pp.71-76. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410126.



 
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