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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 9; Page(s) 1239 To 1247.
 
Paper: 

SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES IN NONUSE OF SEATBELTS IN CARS AND HELMETS ON MOTORCYCLES AMONG PEOPLE LIVING IN KURDISTAN PROVINCE, IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MORADI GHOBAD, MALEKAFZALI ARDAKANI HOSSEIN, MAJDZADEH REZA, BIDARPOUR FARZAM, MOHAMMAD KAZEM, HOLAKOUIE NAIENI KOUROSH*
 
* DEPT. OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND BIOSTATISTICS, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the socioeconomic inequalities in nonuse of seatbelts in cars and helmets on motorcycles in Kurdistan Province, west of Iran, 2009.
Methods: The data used in this study was collected from the data gathered in non-communicable disease surveillance system (NCDSS) in 2009 in Kurdistan. A total of 1000 people were included in this study. The outcome variable of this study was the nonuse of seatbelts and helmets. The socio-economic status (SES) was calculated based on participants’residential area and assets using Principal Component Analysis (PCA) method.
The concentration index, concentration curve, and comparison of Odds Ratio (OR) in different SES groups were used to measure the socioeconomic inequalities using logistic regression. In order to determine the contribution of determinants of inequality, decomposition analysis was used.
Results: The prevalence of nonuse of seatbelts in cars and helmets on motorcycles were 47.5%, 95%CI [44%, 55%], respectively. The Concentration index was -0.097, CI [-0.148, -0.046]. The OR of nonuse of seatbelts in cars and helmets on motorcycles in the richest group compared with the poorest group was 0.39, 95%CI [0.23, 0.68]. The results of the decomposition analysis showed that 34% of inequalities were due to SES, 47% were due to residential area, and 12% were due to unknown factors.
Conclusion: There is a reverse association between SES and nonuse of seatbelts in cars and helmets on motorcycles.
This issue must be considered while planning to reduce traffic accidents injuries.

 
Keyword(s): INEQUALITY, TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS, SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS (SES), CONCENTRATION INDEX, IRAN
 
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