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Paper Information

Journal:   HEPATITIS MONTHLY   AUGUST 2014 , Volume 14 , Number 8; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

LOW PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: DATA FROM A LARGE-SCALE COHORT STUDY IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY

 
 
Author(s):  AYDIN OZLEM ALTUNTAS*, YEMISEN MUCAHIT, KARAOSMANOGLU HAYAT KUMBASAR, SARGIN FATMA, GUNDUZ ALPER, CEYLAN BAHADIR, METE BILGUL, OZGUNES NAIL, SEVGI DILEK YILDIZ, OZARAS RESAT, TABAK FEHMI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY, HASEKI TRAINING AND RESEARCH HOSPITAL, ISTANBUL, TURKEY
 
Abstract: 

Background: Rate of coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) varies in different countries. This may be attributable to common transmission routes as well as social, economic and cultural factors.
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of HCV infection among HIV-positive patients in Istanbul, Turkey.
Patients and Methods: Since January 2006 to November 2013, 949 HIV-positive patients that were enrolled in this study by ACTHIV-IST (Action Against HIV in Istanbul) Study Group, which consists of five centers to follow up HIV-positive patients in Istanbul. Epidemiologic and clinical data were collected retrospectively from medical records and were transferred to an HIV database system.
Results: Among 949 patients, 84% were men and the mean age was 37.92
±11.54 years (range, 17-79). The most frequent route of transmission was heterosexual intercourse (48.8%), followed by men having sex with men (30.5%). Only nine patients (0.9%) had history of injection drug use (IDU). The prevalence of HIV/HCV coinfection was 0.9% (9:949). The IDU rate was 44.4% (4:9) in patients with HIV/HCV coinfection (three of them were not Turkish citizens), whereas this rate was only 0.6% (5:881) in patients with only HIV infection (P<0.01). Genotypes 1b, 2a/2c, and 3 were determined in five, one, and two patients, respectively. Genotype could not be determined in one patient. History of residence in a foreign country (P<0.01) and imprisonment (P<0.01) were also considered as risk factors in terms of HIV/HCV coinfection.
Conclusions: Prevalence of HIV/HCV coinfection is considerably low in Turkey. The extremely rare prevalence of IDU might have a role in this low prevalence.

 
Keyword(s): HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS, HEPATITIS C VIRUS, PREVALENCE, TURKEY
 
 
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+ Click to Cite.
APA: Copy

AYDIN, O., & YEMISEN, M., & KARAOSMANOGLU, H., & SARGIN, F., & GUNDUZ, A., & CEYLAN, B., & METE, B., & OZGUNES, N., & SEVGI, D., & OZARAS, R., & TABAK, F. (2014). LOW PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: DATA FROM A LARGE-SCALE COHORT STUDY IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY. HEPATITIS MONTHLY, 14(8), 0-0. https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410070



Vancouver: Copy

AYDIN OZLEM ALTUNTAS, YEMISEN MUCAHIT, KARAOSMANOGLU HAYAT KUMBASAR, SARGIN FATMA, GUNDUZ ALPER, CEYLAN BAHADIR, METE BILGUL, OZGUNES NAIL, SEVGI DILEK YILDIZ, OZARAS RESAT, TABAK FEHMI. LOW PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: DATA FROM A LARGE-SCALE COHORT STUDY IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY. HEPATITIS MONTHLY. 2014 [cited 2021October16];14(8):0-0. Available from: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410070



IEEE: Copy

AYDIN, O., YEMISEN, M., KARAOSMANOGLU, H., SARGIN, F., GUNDUZ, A., CEYLAN, B., METE, B., OZGUNES, N., SEVGI, D., OZARAS, R., TABAK, F., 2014. LOW PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV-POSITIVE PATIENTS: DATA FROM A LARGE-SCALE COHORT STUDY IN ISTANBUL, TURKEY. HEPATITIS MONTHLY, [online] 14(8), pp.0-0. Available: https://www.sid.ir/en/journal/ViewPaper.aspx?id=410070.



 
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