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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   SEPTEMBER 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 9; Page(s) 1184 To 1191.
 
Paper: 

CHARACTERIZATION OF MORBIDITY FROM INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE IN BRAZILIAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

 
 
Author(s):  OLIVEIRA THALINY BATISTA SARMENTO DE, PINTO MAGALY SUENIA ABRANTES, MACEDO RODRIGO FELICIANO DE, OLIVEIRA THAISY SARMENTO BATISTA DE, CAVALCANTI ALESSANDRO LEITE*
 
* CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, STATE UNIVERSITY OF PARA?BA, CAMPINA GRANDE, BRAZIL
 
Abstract: 

Background: Children and adolescents are vulnerable to violent situations in their social, family and school environment.
The aim of the study was to characterize morbidity due to violence in Brazilian children and adolescents.
Methods: A cross-sectional study through the analysis of 1, 356 corpus delicti medical reports and police reports of children and adolescents aged 0-19 years, victims of interpersonal violence was conducted from January 2008 to December 2011. Sociodemographic variables related to victims, offenders and aggressions were analyzed.
Results: There was a prevalence of females over males (56.9% vs.43.1%) with age between 15 and 19 years (64.7%).
There was a significant association between variables age of the victim and place of occurrence, sex and type of aggression, sex and number of lesions, presence of fracture, maxillofacial injury, oral cavity lesion and physical violence; physical violence and involvement of face, neck, abdomen and back (P<0.001). Public streets (56.4%) were the main place of occurrence of events, followed by home (33.1%). Family members accounted for 26.48% of aggressions. The face was the most affected body region (43.36%), with 12.61% of records referring to oral cavity lesions.
Conclusion: Violence was responsible for a large number of non-fatal injuries to children and adolescents, affecting mainly females aged 15 and 19 years. The occurrence of such events is more frequent on public streets and at home.
Most victims had multiple injuries and the face was the most affected body region.

 
Keyword(s): ADOLESCENT, CHILD, MORBIDITY VIOLENCE, BRAZIL
 
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