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Paper Information

Journal:   PLANT PROTECTION JOURNAL   SPRING 2013 , Volume 5 , Number 1 (14); Page(s) 13 To 21.
 
Paper: 

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF HOVER FLIES (DIPTERA: SYRPHIDAE) AND DETERMINATION OF THE DOMINANT SPECIES IN GARMSAR REGION

 
 
Author(s):  JABBARI AZADEH*, AHADIYAT ALI, HAYAT RUSTEM
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN SCIENCE AND RESEARCH BRANCH, COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCE, DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) are considered as one of the most important natural enemies of aphids, and one of the most useful pollinators of plants. Their larvae are predators of aphids and they have an important role in ensuring biological balance. In this study, which were performed in Garmsar region in 2010, these flies were collected and identified. The species diversity of these insects was measured by indexes of Shanon-Winer (H´), Brilloun (?), and Margalov (Dmg). In the faunistic studies, 16 species belonging to 10 genera and 2 sub-families, were identified, among them the species, Eupeodes lapponicus, is considered as the new record form Iran. The maximum diversity and abundance of hoverflies in Garmsar were as ?=1.125, H´=2.247, Dmg=22.878 at the first week of Khordad month (end of May). Also, Episyrphus balteatus is dominant speciesin Garmsar region.

 
Keyword(s): SPECIES DIVERSITY, DIPTERA, SYRPHIDAE, GARMSAR, DOMINANT SPECIES, HOVER FILES
 
References: 
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