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Paper Information

Journal:   ROSHD-E-FANAVARI   FALL 2014 , Volume 10 , Number 40; Page(s) 28 To 36.
 
Paper: 

A REVIEW OF THE RULES AND REGULATIONS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND RELATIONSHIP TO INNOVATION

 
 
Author(s):  TABATABAEIAN SEYED HABIBOLAH, ATTARPOUR MOHAMMAD REZA*
 
* ALLAMEH TABATABAEI UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

In the concept of innovation systems, the interrelationship between actors is important. One of the most important tools that will shape this interrelationship between different actors in the system is regulations and laws related to science, technology and innovation (STI). In the literature, especially according to some economists such as Schumpeter, it is proven that laws and regulations could have the positive and negative impact on the development of technology and innovation. The literature review has shown that there are three views to achieve a comprehensive legislation in the field of STI. The classification categories are OECD’s rules, technological and non-technological laws and the prevention of failures rules. In addition, in this research, science and technology rules and laws as "lows on science and technology" in other countries are also examined. As a result, the proposed framework is introduced to show the different dimensions considered to achieve comprehensive science, technology and innovation law. Finally, according to this research, there are some proposed factors such as institutional modifications and innovations, determination of important science and technology branches, comprehensive view about these regulating and concept of STI, and attention to dynamics of laws and rules, that decision makers should consider to achieving comprehensive regulations.

 
Keyword(s): SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION, LAWS ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, OCCASIONAL LAWS ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, SOCIAL LAWS, ECONOMIC LAWS AND INSTITUTIONAL LAWS
 
References: 
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