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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM (IJEM)   SPRING 2013 , Volume 11 , Number 2; Page(s) 76 To 81.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF ROPE TRAINING ON LYMPHOCYTE ABCA1 EXPRESSION, PLASMA APOAI AND HDL-C IN BOY ADOLESCENTS

 
 
Author(s):  GHORBANIAN BAHLOUL*, RAVASSI ALIASGHAR, KORDI MOHAMMAD REZA, HEDAYATI MAHDI
 
* PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS SCIENCES DEPARTMENT, AZARBAIJAN SHAHID MADANI UNIVERSITY, TABRIZ, I.R. IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Early obesity and its transfer to the adulthood, increases likelihood incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD). ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1) as a member of the ABC transporters family plays a crucial role in reverse cholesterol transport and CAD prevention.
Objective: The current study aimed to investigate ABCA1 expression in lymphocytes, plasma apolipoprotein A-I and HDL-C in response to eight week interval endurance rope training in overweight and obese boy adolescents.
Patients and Methods: Thirty students (17.3±1.1 yr, 85.73±11.68 kg and 28.41±2.36 kg/m2) volunteered and were randomly assigned into training (n=15) and control (n=15) groups. Exercise protocol was interval endurance rope training (8 wk, 4 d/wk and 40 min/d). Cell hemolysis and sensitive Elisa method was used for Lymphocyte ABAC1 protein expression.t-test was employed.
Results: The independent-samples T-Test results showed that after 8 weeks IERT, the levels of lymphocyte ABCA1 expression (P=0.001) and VO2max (P=0.001) significantly increased and plasma levels of TG (P=0.017), TC (P=0.001), LDL-c/HDL-c (P=0.026), TC/HDL-c (P=0.002) and measures of BF% (P=0.015) and BMI (P=0.042) as anthropometric indicators significantly decreased. Changes of other variables such as increase in ApoA-I, HDL-c and decrease in LDL-c, body weight, were not significant.
Conclusions: The findings of this study proved that eight-week interval endurance rope training can have positive effects on lymphocyte ABCA1 protein expression (as gatekeeper of reverse cholesterol process) and lipid profiles among overweight and obese boy adolescents.

 
Keyword(s): ABCA1, APOLIPOPROTEIN A-I, ROPE TRAINING, OVERWEIGHT AND OBESE BOY ADOLESCENTS
 
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