Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM (IJEM)   SUMMER 2013 , Volume 11 , Number 3; Page(s) 175 To 178.
 
Paper: 

EFFECTS OF NUTRITION EDUCATION ON LEVELS OF NUTRITIONAL AWARENESS OF PREGNANT WOMEN IN WESTERN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  FALLAH FARNOUSH, POURABBAS AHMAD, DELPISHEH ALI, VEISANI YOUSEF, SHADNOUSH MAHDI*
 
* INSTITUTE OF NUTRITIONAL RESEARCHES, SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Maternal nutritional health, before and during pregnancy, influences the health status of herself and her developing fetus. Pregnancy is an important condition for improving nutritional knowledge.
Objectives: The present study aimed at determining effects of nutrition education on levels of nutritional awareness of a representative group of pregnant women in Western Iran.
Patients and Methods: A quasi-experimental intervention was undertaken on a random sample of pregnant women (n=100) attending urban health centers in Ilam city (western Iran) during the year 2011 for prenatal care. A nutritional education program containing two to four lessons was undertaken for small groups of between six to ten women. Nutritional knowledge was assessed before intervention (pretest) and followed by two posttests within three weeks interval.
Results: The awareness level of pregnant women about healthy nutrition was significantly increased from 3% before intervention to 31% after the nutritional education intervention (P<0.001). This significant difference was independent from maternal characteristics of age and levels of literacy and in obese mothers in particular.
Conclusions: A nutritional education intervention will have a positive effect on nutritional awareness of pregnant women.

 
Keyword(s): PREGNANCY, AWARENESS, HEALTH EDUCATION
 
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