Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS   2014 , Volume 30 , Number 3 (65); Page(s) 391 To 401.
 
Paper: 

INFLUENCE OF ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL FUNGUS AND LICORICE PULP ON MORPHOLOGICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CALENDULA OFFICINALIS L.

 
 
Author(s):  ZAREI M.*, MERIKHI M., SAHARKHIZ M.J.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SOIL SCIENCE, COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, SHIRAZ UNIVERSITY, SHIRAZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Simultaneous application of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and organic matter affects the growth and yield of plants. A pot experiment was conducted to study the effects of Funneliformis mosseaefungus, Licorice pulp and their simultaneous application on the morphological and physiological characteristics of pot marigold (Calendula officinalis L.). A completely randomized design with a factorial arrangement in three replications was used. Factors were included 1) arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus, (Funneliformis mosseae and control), 2) four levels of Licorice (0, 5, 10 and 20% (v/v)). Inoculation of pot marigold roots with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus significantly increased plant height, leaf area, shoot dry weight, chlorophyll and flavonoid content, root colonization, and N, P and K uptake of plant. Application of 5 and 10% v/v of Licorice pulp increased plant height, leaf area, shoot dry weight, flavonoid content, and N, P and K uptake of plant. Flavonoid content increased up to 10% v/v of Licorice pulp application. All measured traits except chlorophyll content, root colonization and flavonoid content significantly decreased at the maximum level of Licorice pulp application (20% v/v). Effect of fungus on all measured traits except flavonoid content was higher than Licorice pulp application. A synergistic effect was observed in co-application treatments of Licorice pulp and Funneliformis mosseae. The positive effects of fungus were higher in 10 and 20% v/v levels of Licorice pulp application for measured parameters.

 
Keyword(s): FUNNELIFORMIS MOSSEAE, ORGANIC FERTILIZER, POT MARIGOLD (CALENDULA OFFICINALIS L.), FLAVONOID CONTENT
 
References: 
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