Paper Information

Journal:   URBAN STUDIES   SPRING 2014 , Volume 4 , Number 10; Page(s) 53 To 71.
 
Paper: 

WOMEN’S SENSE OF SECURITY AND THE EFFECTS OF SELECTED SOCIAL FACTORS ON IT (CASE OF STUDY: WOMEN OF THE CITY OF ESFAHAN)

 
 
Author(s):  HAGHIGHATIAN MANSOUR*
 
* ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY-DEHAGHAN BRANCH
 
Abstract: 

Rapid developments and multiple movements have made the texture of urban neighborhoods very transitory and unstable; and also has increased the level of delinquency and crime which has in turn increased the fear of crime and lowered the sense of security and safety in cities. Therefore the present research aims to study the social factors that affect the sense of security among women in the city of Esfahan. A combination of the ideas of Buzan, Coleman, and Giddens has provided the theoretical framework of the study. The research method was survey and the tool for data collection was a researcher-made questionnaire which contained five-item Likert-type questions. Research population consisted of all Esfahani women aged 15 to 65 of which 435 individuals were selected using a quota and random sampling technique. The questionnaire had construct and face validity and reliability alpha of all variables was above the 0.70 threshold. Research results showed that the mean for sense of security was 16 out of 50 which means that the sense of security is relatively low. Except of media usage, the mean of the other variables (generalized trust, institutional trust, perception of the police, victimization, urban defenseless places) were below their theoretical means. All the independent variables together could explain about 41 percent of the variation of the dependent variable, namely sense of security.

 
Keyword(s): SENSE OF SECURITY, ESFAHANI WOMEN, GENERALIZED TRUST, INSTITUTIONAL TRUST, PERCEPTION OF THE POLICE, VICTIMIZATION, URBAN DEFENSELESS PLACES
 
References: 
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