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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS   JUNE 2014 , Volume 1 , Number 2; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

THE COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF INFLATION RATE, INTEREST RATE, EXCHANGE RATE AND LIQUIDITY GROWTH RATE ON EXPORT-BASED INDUSTRIES WITH IMPORT-BASED INDUSTRIES

 
 
Author(s):  MOMENI ALIREZA, BEHROOZI MOHAMMAD, ANBAVI MANSOUREH*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ACCOUNTING, BUSHEHR BRANCH, ISLAMIC AZAD UNIVERSITY, BUSHEHR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

This study compares the effect of variables including inflation rate, interest rates, exchange rates and liquidity growth rate on return of sales of the export-based with import-based industries. To do this, the data of chemical and automobile industry are discussed for the period 2007 to 2012. To find the effects and determining the relationship between studied variables, random coefficients regression method is used by panel data. The results show that in export-based industries, the relationship between inflation rate, exchange rate, and liquidity growth rate with return of sales is positive and significant, but in import-based industries, this relationship is inverse and significant. Also, the relationship between bank interest rates with the return of sales is negative and inverse. And in the import-based industries, this relationship is direct and significant. The result of Wald test showing the overall significance regression indicated that, inflation rates, bank interest rates, exchange rates and liquidity growth rate, on return of sales are effective in two chemical and automobile industries.

 
Keyword(s): EXPORT-BASED INDUSTRIES, IMPORT-BASED INDUSTRIES, INFLATION RATE, BANK INTEREST RATE, EXCHANGE RATE, LIQUIDITY GROWTH RATE, PANEL DATA
 
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