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Paper Information

Journal:   ANESTHESIOLOGY AND PAIN MEDICINE   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 4 , Number 4; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

COMPARING THE IMPACT OF INTRAPERITONEAL HYDROCORTISONE WITH BUPIVACAINE ON POSTOPERATIVE PAIN AFTER LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY

 
 
Author(s):  AMINI SHAHRAM*, SABZI SARVESTANI AMENE
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ANESTHESIOLOGY AND CRITICAL CARE, IMAM REZA HOSPITAL, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Postoperative pain is a major complaint following laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the impact of intraperitoneal hydrocortisone with intraperitoneal bupivacaine on pain relief after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Patients and Methods: In a double blind clinical trial, 63 candidates for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were randomly allocated to receive intraperitoneal instillation of either 100 mg bupivacaine in 250 mL normal saline (n=32) or 100 mg hydrocortisone in 250 mL normal saline (n=31) before insufflation of CO2 into the peritoneum for postoperative pain relief. Patients were investigated regarding abdominal and shoulder pain using (visual analog scale) VAS in recovery room and at 6, 12 and 24 hours postoperatively. Patients were also followed regarding postoperative analgesic requirements, nausea and vomiting, and return of bowel function.
Results: Sixty patients completed the study. Patients in the hydrocortisone group had no statistically significant abdominal and shoulder pain scores compared to the bupivacaine group. The patients were similar regarding postoperative analgesic requirements, return of bowel function, nausea and vomiting. No adverse effect was detected in either group.
Conclusions: Intraperitoneal administration of hydrocortisone is as effective as bupivacaine to reduce pain and analgesic requirements after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

 
Keyword(s): CHOLECYSTECTOMY, POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, INTRAPERITONEAL INJECTION, BUPIVACAINE, HYDROCORTISONE
 
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