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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   JULY 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 7; Page(s) 981 To 989.
 
Paper: 

ASSOCIATION OF ABO AND RH BLOOD GROUPS TO BLOOD-BORNE INFECTIONS AMONG BLOOD DONORS IN TEHRAN–IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  MOHAMMADALI FATEMEH, POURFATHOLLAH ALIAKBAR*
 
* IRANIAN BLOOD TRANSFUSION RESEARCH CENTER & TEHRAN BLOOD TRANSFUSION CENTER, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV and syphilis infections in blood donors referred to Tehran Blood Transfusion Center (TBTC), and determine any association between blood groups and blood- borne infections between the years of 2005 and 2011.
Methods: This was a retrospective study conducted at TBTC. All of the donor serum samples were screened for HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis by using third generation ELISA kits and RPR test. Initial reactive samples were tested in duplicate. Confirmatory tests were performed on all repeatedly reactive donations. Blood group was determined by forward and reverse blood grouping. The results were subjected to chi square analysis for determination of statistical difference between the values among different categories according to SPSS program.
Results: Overall, 2031451 donor serum samples were collected in 2005-2011. Totally, 10451 were positive test for HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis. The overall seroprevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV, and syphilis was 0.39%, 0.11%, 0.005%, and 0.010%, respectively. Hepatitis B and HIV infections were significantly associated with blood group of donors (P<0.05); percentage of HIV Ag/Ab was higher in donors who had blood group " A " and percentage of HBs Ag was lower in donors who had blood group O. There was no significant association between Hepatitis C and syphilis infections with ABO and Rh blood groups (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Compared with neighboring countries and the international standards, prevalence of blood –borne infections is relatively low.

 
Keyword(s): HBV, HCV, HIV, SYPHILIS, ABO BLOOD GROUPS, RHESUS (RH), BLOOD DONORS
 
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