Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   OCTOBER 2014 , Volume 43 , Number SUPPLEMENT 3; Page(s) 117 To 124.
 
Paper: 

RISK FACTORS FOR NEAR MISS INCIDENT AMONG LONG DISTANCE BUS DRIVERS IN MALAYSIA

 
 
Author(s):  NIK MAHDI NIK NOR RONAIDI, BACHOK NORSA ADAH, MOHAMED NORLEN, SHAFEI MOHD NAZRI*
 
* SCHOOL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA, KOTA BHARU, KELANTAN, MALAYSIA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Road traffic accident is a worldwide public health issue that has its highest impact on low and middle income countries including Malaysia. Many previous studies concerned on the causality of the actual accidents and little attention were given to near miss incidents. Hence, the current study was designed to determine the prevalence and associated factors for near miss incident among long distance bus drivers in Malaysia.
Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 517 long distance bus drivers. Data were collected using interview- guided translated and validated Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Manchester Driver Behavior questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the significant factors for near miss incident among long distance bus drivers in Malaysia.
Results: The prevalence of near miss incident among long distance bus drivers was 37.5% (95% CI: 33.5, 41.8). The significant associated factors for near miss incident were younger age group (ORadj: 1.99; 95% CI: 1.32, 3.01), longer distance travelled per day (ORadj: 2.34; 95% CI: 1.52, 3.60), sleep disturbances (ORadj: 1.74; 95% CI: 1.19, 2.54) and errors in driving behaviour (ORadj: 1.31; 95% CI: 1.23, 1.39).
Conclusion: Self-reported near miss incidents were relatively high among long distance bus drivers in Malaysia. This issue should be taken seriously and preventive action should consider the significant human factors such as younger age group, errors in driving behaviours, sleep disturbances as well as occupational factors like distance travelled per day.

 
Keyword(s): ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT, NEAR MISS, BUS DRIVERS, MALAYSIA
 
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