Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH   JULY 2014 , Volume 43 , Number 7; Page(s) 926 To 935.
 
Paper:  ORGAN DONATION CAMPAIGNS: PERSPECTIVE OF DIALYSIS PATIENT'S FAMILY MEMBERS
 
Author(s):  TUMIN MAKMOR*, RAJA ARIFFIN RAJA NORIZA, MOHD SATAR NURULHUDA, KOK PENG N.G., LIM SOO KUN, CHONG CHIN SIENG
 
* DEPT. OF ADMINISTRATIVE STUDIES AND POLITICS, FACULTY OF ECONOMICS AND ADMINISTRATION, UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA, KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA
 
Abstract: 

Background: Solving the dilemma of the organ shortage in Malaysia requires educating Malaysians about organ donation and transplantation. This paper aims at exploring the average Malaysianhouseholds’ preferred channels of campaigns and the preferred campaigners in a family setting, targeting at the dialysis family members.
Methods: We analyzed the responses of 350 respondents regarding organ donation campaigns. The respondents are 2 family members of 175 dialysis patients from 3 different institutions. The information on respondents’ willingness to donate and preferred method and channel of organ donation campaign were collected through questionnaire.
Results: Malaysian families have a good tendency to welcome campaigns in both the public and private (their homes) spheres. We also found that campaigns facilitated by the electronic media (Television and Radio) and executed by experienced doctors are expected to optimize the outcomes of organ donation, in general. Chi-square tests show that there are no significant differences in welcoming campaigns among ethnics. However, ethnics preferences over the campaign methods and campaigners are significantly different (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Ethnic differences imply that necessary modifications on the campaign channels and campaigners should also be taken under consideration. By identifying the preferred channel and campaigners, this study hopes to shed some light on the ways to overcome the problem of organ shortage in Malaysia.

 
Keyword(s): ORGAN DONATION, CAMPAIGNS, DIALYSIS PATIENTS, FAMILY, MALAYSIA
 
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