Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN MEDICAL SCIENCES (JRMS)   APRIL 2014 , Volume 19 , Number 4; Page(s) 314 To 318.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECTS OF BENTONITE AND CALENDULA ON THE IMPROVEMENT OF INFANTILE DIAPER DERMATITIS

 
 
Author(s):  ADIB HAJBAGHERY MOHSEN*, MAHMOUDI MANSOREH, MASHAIEKHI MAHDI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL-SURGICAL NURSING, FACULTY OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, KASHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, KASHAN, IR, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders of infancy and childhood. The present study aimed to compare the effects of Bentonite and Calendula on the improvement of diaper dermatitis in infants.
Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized controlled trial, which was conducted on 60 out-patient infants referred to health care centers or pediatric clinics in Khomein city and diagnosed with diaper dermatitis. Data were collected by checklist and observation, and analyzed using t-test, Chi-square, and Fisher’s exact test.
Results: Mean (standard error) age of the total sample was 6.55
±0.69 months. Totally, 93.3% of lesions in the Bentonite group started its recovery in the first 6 h, while this rate was 40% in Calendula group (P<0.001). Furthermore, 90% of infants in the Bentonite group and 36.7% in the Calendula group were improved completely in the first 3 days (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Bentonite was effective on the improvement of diaper dermatitis, and also had faster effects compared with Calendula.

 
Keyword(s): BENTONITE, CALENDULA, DIAPER DERMATITIS
 
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