Paper Information

Journal:   KNOWLEDGE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   SPRING-SUMMER 2012 , Volume - , Number 66/1; Page(s) 77 To 107.
 
Paper: 

MORAL REALISM AND REASON-GIVINGNESS OF MORALITY

 
 
Author(s):  SANEI MANOOCHEHR, ASGHARI SEYED ALI
 
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Abstract: 

The contemporary debate about Moral Realism, a century after it began with G. E. Moore, has many complexities. In large part this is because those who have written about Moral Realism, have obvious differences about its subject matter: The fundamental problem is that there is no agreement as to the meaning of realism in ethics. Moral Realism is a kind of ‘metaethical’ position which covers a variety of theories and it is hardly possible to give a description of it that is both comprehensive and included all its content. If we wanted to bring different metaethical views which have been considered ‘realist’ in one single description, we would be able just to say ‘all of them claim that morality is somehow independent of people’s “attitudes” or behaviours. However the important issue is exactly this ‘somehow’: in which way is moral reality is independent of non-moral reality? In response to this question, a moral realist can opt for different levels of moral realism (provided that s/he be able to defend her/his position). In this paper, I have recognized four levels to being a realist about morality, and contend that a robust moral realist (who accept all its implications) has no other option than to be a realist on all levels.

 
Keyword(s): MORAL REALISM, MORAL FACT, NORMATIVITY, ATTITUDES, NATURALISM, NON-NATURALISM
 
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