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Paper Information

Journal:   KNOWLEDGE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   SPRING-SUMMER 2012 , Volume - , Number 66/1; Page(s) 109 To 131.
 
Paper: 

EXAMINATION AND CRITICISM OF PHILOPONUS’S THEORY OF MOVEMENT FROM AVICENNA’S POINT OF VIEW

 
 
Author(s):  TAROMI ABBAS, CHAVOSHI JAFAR
 
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Abstract: 

From Aristotle’s point of view, in ejection adversary movement, the movement is continued through transmitting driving force to the layers of intermediate environments. Yahya Nahvi criticizes Aristotle’s theory and believes that every movement, consisting of natural or adversary movement take place due to internal Dunamis Endotheisa, in addition contrary to Aristotle’s perception, the natural movement of objects is not for reaching a natural place and celestial movement is not being continued due to environmental force but due to the transmission of a non-material force from motive to movable, a spontaneous movement is created in the movable and it causes the continuation of movement. There are many doubts and questions about Yahya Nahvi’s theory of movement: Is this internal force existent in the object before movement? If any, why has not the force not caused movement? If movement is spontaneous why is the movement of object stopped? Does the object consume its internal force spontaneously? After a criticism of Nahvi’s theory of movement, Avicenna propounds his theory which will be discussed in this article.

 
Keyword(s): NATURAL MOVEMENT, CELESTIAL MOVEMENT, EJECTION MOVEMENT, EFFICIENT FORCE, LEANING
 
References: 
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