Paper Information

Journal:   KNOWLEDGE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   SPRING-SUMMER 2012 , Volume - , Number 66/1; Page(s) 133 To 159.
 
Paper: 

ANALYSIS AND STUDY OF THE BASES OF HUME’S SKEPTICISM

 
 
Author(s):  VAEZI ASGHAR, DORRI ALIREZA
 
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Abstract: 

Hume’s skepticism is funded on two main bases, that is, criticizing the faculties of cognition and criticizing the content of cognition. Hume, on the one hand, critized reason and sense and maintained that these are not able to gain authentic knowledge, on the other hand, he criticized the content of cognition and proposed “No Impression, No Idea” as well as “Hume’s Fork” as indications to recognizing illusionary concepts and statements from the real ones. By applying his principles, Hume employed two strategies i.e argumentative strategy and genetic strategy in order to refute the reality of special concepts and statements such as causality (as an a priori concept). In the former he tried to show that there is no argument attesting the reality of the concept doubted or validity of the statement doubted. In the latter he tried to show how we believe in concepts and statements which do not have rational bases. Hume took advantage of another principle called the “association of ideas” in the second strategy. Applying this principle, Hume explained how some illusionary concepts are formed. In this paper, we elucidate the topics mentioned along with their assessment.

 
Keyword(s): SKEPTICISM, REASON, SENSE, “HUME’S FORK” PRINCIPLE, ASSOCIATION OF IDEAS PRINCIPLE
 
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