Paper Information

Journal:   KNOWLEDGE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   FALL 2011-WINTER 2012 , Volume - , Number 65/1; Page(s) 9 To 39.
 
Paper: 

INTELLECTUAL AND INTUITIVE KNOWLEDGE IN SUHRAWARDI’S ILLUMINATIONIST PHILOSOPHY

 
 
Author(s):  JANMOHAMMADI MOHAMMAD TAGHI*
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

From the viewpoint of Suhrawardi, authentic philosophy must be based on mystical aptitudes and intuitive discernments. But these are instantaneous, simple, inexpressible, and non-propositional; whereas the audience of the school of Illumination deals with a philosophical system composed of concepts and propositions, and its two major characteristics are that it is gradually obtained and detailed. Nevertheless, how is possible for the knowledge which is per se inexpressible becomes the base for that knowledge which is in it constituted with concepts and propositions? What relation exists between non-propositional intuitive knowledge and propositional intellectual knowledge? What is intellect’s function, In relation to intuition? Through a methodological regard on the illumination philosophy, this essay argues that Illumination’s discursive knowledge, explained and written by Suhrawardi, is distinct from intuitive knowledge; and discursive knowledge implies to intuitive knowledge only figuratively and metaphorically. In the school of Illumination, intellect is unable to discover truth, yet it is productive and capable for systematizing based on inner intuitions. In this status, intellect undertakes three roles: to assay, conceptualize, and establish discipline and consistency within propositional knowledge system; this latter is beyond the limit of intuition’s ability.

 
Keyword(s): SUHRAWARDI, PHILOSOPHY, THEOSOPHY, INTUITION, MYSTERY, INTELLECT
 
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