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Paper Information

Journal:   MAREMAT-E ASAR & BAFT-HAYE TARIKHI-FARHANGI   SPRING-SUMMER 2014 , Volume 4 , Number 7; Page(s) 105 To 122.
 
Paper: 

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF RESTORATION AND REVIVAL OF THREE URBAN PASSAGES IN YAZD VIA THE APPROACH OF PEOPLE AND STATE ROLE IN EXPERTISE SPHERE

 
 
Author(s):  YAZDANFAR ABBAS*
 
* FACULTY OF ARCHITECTURE AND URBANISM, ELM VA SAN’AT UNIVERSITY, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

The issue of revival pivoting around people with the aid of state is not acceptable in the expertise structure of the country yet. Consequently, one of the issues which has been ignored in spite of numerous years of restoration and revival in historical textures is the amount of using people’s expertise views in different areas of urban restoration and revival. Can we make use of people’s expertise as the main residents of texture and its direct users in the physical-practical section of restoration and revival of texture and in which area such expertise is acceptable? The answer to this question is the main issue of this research.
Reaching this aim, the restoration and revival of three urban passages, i.e. Menar Goli alley (Imam Husseini), Lab Khandaq passage and Hashem Khan alley in Yazd city, which have been carried out for a long time, has been evaluated and considering the temporal condition of each of them and the kind of approach to them we observe the significant and fundamental role of state experts as the representative of the government, independent experts and folk experts as the representative of people in the physical-practical section of their revival separately.
Regarding the presence of the author in the process of restoration and revival of these three passages, the research methodology is a combination of qualitative and quantitative methods. In the quantitative study, while using existent data and information beside direct interview with experts and filed observation of carried out works, the data is gathered and, using the method of quantitative analysis, the expertise data is analyzed in order to reach a coherent specific theoretical structure and framework. In cases that the structure of research is qualitative such method is used for gathering and analysis of the data.
After completing the stages of research with an expertise approach and focusing on physical sphere, it was found out that if the centrality of people in the issue of revival is accepted and their participation in the expertise of the plan increases relative to the role of state and its experts, the success of the revival plan will increase, too. Consequently, in the process of restoration and revival and the issues related to planning, execution and exploitation in the physical-practical section people can play an effective role as expert like other managerial, economic and social sections independently or with the aid of their experts.

 
Keyword(s): REVIVAL, PEOPLE, STATE, EXPERTS, URBAN RESTORATION
 
References: 
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