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Paper Information

Journal:   JOURNAL OF ARTHROPOD-BORNE DISEASES   JUNE 2015 , Volume 9 , Number 1; Page(s) 22 To 34.
 
Paper: 

SUSCEPTIBILITY OF CULICIDAE MOSQUITOES TO SOME INSECTICIDES RECOMMENDED BY WHO IN A MALARIA ENDEMIC AREA OF SOUTHEASTERN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  FATHIAN MOUSA, VATANDOOST HASSAN*, MOOSA KAZEMI SEYED HASSAN*, RAEISI AHMAD, YAGHOOBI ERSHADI MOHAMMAD REZA, OSHAGHI MOHAMMAD ALI, SEDAGHAT MOHAMMAD MEHDI
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MEDICAL ENTOMOLOGY AND VECTOR CONTROL, SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, TEHRAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: According to the national strategy plan on monitoring of insecticides resistance, this study was carried out to determine the base line susceptibility of the Culicidae mosquitoes to the WHO-recommended insecticides in an endemic focus of malaria in southeastern Iran.
Methods: Larval collection was carried out by dipping method and adult collection occurred by suction tube from January to December 2010. The susceptibility test was assessed to DDT 4 %, malathion 5 %, propoxur 0.1 %, deltamethrin 0.05 %, lambda-cyhalothrin 0.05 %, and cyfluthrin 0.15 % at different interval times (discriminative dose) followed by 24 h recovery period. The LT50 and LT90 values were calculated for plotting the regression line using Microsoft office Excel software ver.2007.
Results: Anopheles stephensi was quite resistant to DDT and showed susceptible or tolerant to other insecticides. The LT50 and LT90 values to DDT in this species were 29.07, and 98.26 minutes, respectively. Anopheles culicifacies andAnopheles dthali were found susceptible or tolerant to insecticides. Culex pipiens was found resistance to DDT, propoxur, lambda-cyhalothrin and cyfluthrin whereas observed susceptible to malathion and tolerant to deltamethrin. Ochlerotatus caspius sl. was resistant to DDT, whereas found susceptible to other insecticides. Culisita longiareolata was susceptible to deltamethrin, whereas tolerant to other insecticides. The LT50 and LT90 values of Cs. longiareolata to DDT were 17.82, and 51.26 minutes.
Conclusion: We suggested the same study in different parts of the country for monitoring and evaluation of control measures.

 
Keyword(s): CULICIDAE, MALARIA, SUSCEPTIBILITY TEST, SOUTHEASTERN IRAN
 
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