Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR)   MARCH-APRIL 2014 , Volume 19 , Number 2; Page(s) 119 To 126.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF A SUPPORTIVE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM BASED ON COPE MODEL ON CARING BURDEN AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN FAMILY CAREGIVERS OF WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER

 
Author(s):  BAHRAMI MASOUD*, FARZI SABA
 
* DEPARTMENT OF ADULT HEALTH NURSING, NURSING AND MIDWIFERY CARE RESEARCH CENTER, SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: The family caregivers of the people with cancer such as breast cancer experience a decrease in their quality of life and an increase of their caring burden. In most of the cases, the researchers consider the quality of life and physical and psychological problems in patients with cancer and pay less attention to the family caregivers. To reduce the caring burden imposed to the caregivers and improve their quality of life, supportive strategies such as problem solving can be used. These interventions may have benefits for the caregivers although the research results are contradictory. The aim of this research was to determine the effect of a supportive educational program, based on COPE model, which focuses on creativity, optimism, planning, and expert information on individuals, on the caring burden and quality of life in the family caregivers of women with breast cancer.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a clinical trial, which was conducted in Seyed-Al-Shohada Hospital of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences and a private center of chemotherapy in 2012. In this study, researchers investigated the effect of a supportive educational program based on COPE model on the caring burden and quality of life in the family caregivers of women with breast cancer. This supportive educational program included two hospital visits and two telephone sessions based on COPE model for 9 days. A total of 64 patients were selected based on the inclusion criteria and randomly assigned into two groups. Data were collected by use of Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer (CQOL-C), World Health Organization Quality of Life- Bref (WHOQOL-Bref) -, and Zarit caring burden at the beginning of the intervention and a month after the intervention.
Results: The results showed that in the experimental group, the mean score of physical, mental, spiritual, environmental domains and overall quality of life in the family caregivers was significantly increased compared to the control group, but there was no change in the social domain of quality of life in the two groups. In the experimental group, the mean score of caring burden among the caregivers was significantly decreased compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Results of the present study suggested that a supportive educational program can improve physical, mental, spiritual, environmental domains and overall quality of life. It can also decrease the caring burden in the family caregivers of women with breast cancer. Further studies are needed to evaluate the impact of these interventions on quality of life and caring burden in the family caregivers of women with breast cancer undergoing other cancer treatments.

 
Keyword(s): BREAST CANCER, BURDEN, COPE, EDUCATION, FAMILY CAREGIVER, IRAN, NURSING, QUALITY OF LIFE, SUPPORTIVE
 
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