Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   JUNE 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 6; Page(s) 1 To 6.
 
Paper: 

PSYCHOSOCIAL COMPLICATIONS OF CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

 
 
Author(s):  KARIMI MOONAGHI HOSSEIN, MOJALLI MOHAMMAD*, KHOSRAVAN SHAHLA
 
* SCHOOL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death around the world. The coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common diseases in this category, which can be the trigger to various psychosocial complications. We believe that inadequate attention has been paid to this issue.
Objectives: The purpose of the present study was to explore the psychosocial complications of CAD from the Iranian patients’ perspective.
Patients and Methods: A qualitative design based on the content analysis approach was used to collect the data and analyze the perspective of 18 Iranian patients suffered from CAD, chosen by a purposeful sampling strategy. Semi-structured interviews were held in order to collect the data. Sampling was continued until the data saturation. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis approach by MAXQUDA 2010 software.
Results: This study revealed the theme of the patients’ challenges with CAD. This theme consisted of: "primary challenges, "including doubting early diagnosis and treatment, and feeling being different from others; "psychological issues, " including preoccupation, fear of death and surgical intervention, recurrence stress, anxiety and depression; "problems of life, " including financial problems, work-related problems, and family-related problems; and "sociocultural issues, " including change in perspective of people towards the patient, and cultural issues. Conclusions: Although the management of physical problems in patients with CAD is important, psychosocial effects of this disease is more important. Thus, health care personnel should pay ample attention to identify and resolve psychosocial problems of these patients.
Results of this study can be used to empower these patients.

 
Keyword(s): PSYCHOLOGY, CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE, QUALITATIVE RESEARCH, IRAN
 
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