Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY (IJCN)   WINTER 2013 , Volume 7 , Number 1; Page(s) 21 To 24.
 
Paper:  THE ROLE OF CHEST PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PREVENTION OF POSTEXTUBATION ATELECTASIS IN PEDIATRIC PATIENTS WITH NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES
 
Author(s):  BILAN NEMAT, POORSHIRI BITA*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRICS, TABRIZ UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, TABRIZ, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective:
There are controversial findings in the literature on the effects of chest physiotherapy on postextubation lung collapse in pediatric age group. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of chest physiotherapy in prevention of postextubation atelectasis in pediatric patients.
Materials
d Methods:
In a case-control study from March 2007 to March 2011, two groups of patients (35 patients in each group) susceptible to lung collapse were enrolled in the study. The studied patients had neuromuscular diseases such as spinal muscular atrophy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, critical illness polyneuropathy/myopathy, and cerebral palsy. The patients were randomly divided into two groups (case and control); The case group underwent daily chest physiotherapy through vibrator and chest percussion and the control group was under supervision. In the latter group, the underlying disease was treated and the lung collapse was managed, if occurred.
Results:
The frequency of atelectasis was lower in the case group who received prophylactic chest physiotherapy compared to the control group (16.6% vs. 40%).
Conclusion:
Chest physiotherapy as well as appropriate and regular change of position can considerably reduce the rate of pulmonary collapse in pediatric patients.

 
Keyword(s):  CHEST PHYSIOTHERAPY, ATELECTASIS, POSTEXTUBATION
 
References: 
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