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Paper Information

Journal:   INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM (IJEM)   JANUARY 2014 , Volume 12 , Number 1; Page(s) 0 To 0.
 
Paper: 

DIAGNOSING THYROID LYMPHOMA: STEROID ADMINISTRATION MAY RESULT IN RAPID IMPROVEMENT OF DYSPNEA : A REPORT OF TWO CASES

 
 
Author(s):  ENG OLIVER S.*, LESNIAK SEBASTIAN, DAVIDOV TOMER, TROOSKIN STANLEY Z.
 
* DEPARTMENT OF SURGERY, RUTGERS ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON MEDICAL SCHOOL, NEW BRUNSWICK, NEW JERSEY, USA
 
Abstract: 

Introduction: Thyroid nodules, whether benign or malignant, are slow growing masses. There are certain clinical situations where sudden rapid growth may occur and cause acute respiratory compromise secondary to tracheal compression.
Case Presentation: Here we describe two patients with suddenly enlarging thyroid nodules, who developed acute respiratory compromise in the absence of tracheal compression. Their symptoms rapidly improved with administration of corticosteroids, and in subsequent workup, both were diagnosed as thyroid lymphoma.
Conclusions: The potent effect of corticosteroids in the rapid improvement of respiratory compromise associated with thyroid lymphoma represents an important clinical finding. This opens the possibility for the favorable response to corticosteroid therapy to be regarded as a possible preliminary diagnostic tool for thyroid lymphoma in acute respiratory distress patients in the absence of tracheal compression. Subsequent retrospective studies are necessary to verify this hypothesis.

 
Keyword(s): THYROID, LYMPHOMA, DYSPNEA, STEROIDS, TRACHEA, DIAGNOSTIC TESTS
 
References: 
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