Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   JUNE 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 6; Page(s) 1 To 6.
 
Paper: 

RISK FACTORS OF BREAST PROBLEMS IN MOTHERS AND ITS EFFECTS ON NEWBORNS

 
 
Author(s):  BOSKABADI HASSAN, RAMAZANZADEH MAHJOUBEH, ZAKERI HAMIDI MARYAM*, REZAGHOLIZADE OMRAN FARZANEH
 
* DEPARTMENT OF MIDWIFERY, COLLEGE OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, MASHHAD UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MASHHAD, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: During lactation, especially the first few days after birth, some breast problems can cause pain and inadequate milk emptying.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the risk factors of breast problems and their effect on neonatal complications.
Patients and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 566 infants referred to Mashhad Ghaem Hospital clinic (from 2008 to 2012) in Iran. Researchers filled out the questionnaire with the relevant neonatal and maternal information. They also recorded the mothers' breasts problems after examination. Then the infants were divided into two groups: Infants whose mothers complained from breast problems (case group), and the infants whose mothers did not have any breast problems (control group). Finally, two groups were compared with respect to the maternal and neonatal risk factors.
Results: The two groups were matched on these variables: parity (P=0.861), maternal weight (P=0.577), education level (P=0.807), pregnancy complications (P=0.383), gestational age (P=0.161), Apgar score (P=0.530), birth weight (P=0.090), infant gender (P=0.439), and infant age (P=0.152). Case group vs. control group showed significant differences regarding prenatal care, mode of delivery, lactation status and the letdown reflex, serum sodium, frequency of urination and defecation, new weight and supplementation (P
<0.05). Conclusions: According to our study, breast problems were fewer in mothers who had prenatal care, normal vaginal delivery, proper breastfeeding position, and let down reflex. Neonatal complications of breast problems include pathologic weight loss and decrease in the frequency of urination. Therefore, special attention to mother's breasts during pregnancy and in the early days of delivery, and their appropriate treatment may reduce breast problems and related neonatal complications.

 
Keyword(s): BREAST, MASTITIS, NIPPLE, RISK FACTORS, NEONATAL COMPLICATIONS
 
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