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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   MAY 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 5; Page(s) 1 To 3.
 
Paper: 

PERINATAL OUTCOME AFTER DIAGNOSIS OF OLIGOHYDRAMNIOUS AT TERM

 
 
Author(s):  REZAIE KAHKHAIE KOLSOUM, KEIKHA FATEME, REZAIE KEIKHAIE KHADIJE*, ABDOLLAHIMOHAMMAD ABDOLGHANI, SALEHIN SHAHRBANOO
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PERINATALOGY, ZABOL UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES (ZBUMS), ZABOL, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Oligohydramnious is threatening condition to fetal health for which some treatment are available and some are under evaluation. Oligohydramnious, is associated with increased pregnancy complication, congenital anomalies and perinatal mortality. There is an inverse relationship between the amniotic fluid index (AFI) and the adverse perinatal outcome. Oligo hydramnlious is clinical condition characteries by amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5cm or less. Its incidence is 3-5 % of all the pregnancies an accurate and reproducible method of determining abnormality in amniotic fluid volume (AFI) is sonographic asessment of amniotic fluid index (AFI). It often increase the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and also the incidence of cesarean section, meconium stained, low apgar score and Neonatal intensive care (NICU) admission.
Objectives: The aim of study was to analyze the fetal out come in low risk pregnant women with oligohydramnious at term. This is a prospective, descriptive study.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted at Amiralmomenin hospital in Zabol for a period of 8 months from 2012/Mar/27 to 2012/Nov/5.It included 100 pregnant women diagnosed with the AFI of or less than 5cm at term. Control group included 300 pregnant women with AFI more than 8cm. Comparison was done between the study group and the control group. Regarding the fetal and pregnancy outcome using chi square and p value, detail were recorded in terms of fetal weight, apgar score at 1 and 5 minutes.
Results: Mode of delivery, NICU admission neonatal death and induction of labour. Oligohydramnious is associated with a high rate of pregnancy complication and increased preinatal morbidity and mortality. Women with oligohydramnious usually have low birth babies.
Conclusions: However, it can expect a safe and good outcome for which proper fetal surveillance and regular antenatal care visits are required.

 
Keyword(s): AMNIOTIC FLUID, APGAR SCORE, BIRTH WEIGHT
 
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