Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN RED CRESCENT MEDICAL JOURNAL (IRCMJ)   JUNE 2014 , Volume 16 , Number 6; Page(s) 1 To 5.
 
Paper: 

RISK FACTORS OF NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS IN NORTHERN IRAN

 
 
Author(s):  GOLALIPOUR MOHAMMAD JAFAR*, QORBANI MOSTAFA, MIRFAZELI AREZO, MOBASHERI ELHAM
 
* GORGAN CONGENITAL MALFORMATIONS RESEARCH CENTER, GOLESTAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, GORGAN, IR IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Neural tube defects (NTDs) including spina bifida and anencephaly are the second most common birth defects with 2.8 per 1000 births in northern Iran.
Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the risk factors of neural tube defects in Gorgan, north of Iran.
Patients and Methods: This hospital-based, case-control study was carried out on all NTD-affected pregnancies (n=59) during February 2007 - August 2010, and 160 healthy pregnancies were selected via convenient sampling method in three hospitals in Gorgan, north of Iran. Risk factors including maternal body mass index (BMI), season of birth, gender of the newborn, mother’s age, ethnicity, consanguineous marriage, folic acid consumption, nutrition, habitat, and education, were assessed through interviews with mothers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the risks by odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals.
Results: The multivariate analysis showed that maternal BMI (normal/underweight OR: 0.23, overweight/underweight OR: 0.15, obese/underweight OR: 0.13) and maternal ethnicity (Fars/Sistani OR: 3.49) and maternal nutrition (good/poor OR: 0.46) were significantly correlated with NTDs in the newborns.
Conclusions: This study showed that maternal ethnicity, insufficient nutrition, and BMI, were the main risk factors of NTDs in northern Iran.

 
Keyword(s): NEURAL TUBE DEFECTS, ETHNICITY, BODY MASS INDEX, NUTRITIONAL SCIENCES
 
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