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Paper Information

Journal:   ADVANCED PHARMACEUTICAL BULLETIN   2013 , Volume 3 , Number 2; Page(s) 315 To 322.
 
Paper: 

FORMULATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF RANITIDINE EFFERVESCENT TABLETS

 
 
Author(s):  ASLANI ABOLFAZL*, JAHANGIRI HAJAR
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACEUTICS, SCHOOL OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, ISFAHAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Purpose: The aim of this study was to design, formulate and physicochemically evaluate effervescent ranitidine hydrochloride (HCl) tablets since they are easily administered while the elderly and children sometimes have difficulties in swallowing oral dosage forms.
Methods: Effervescent ranitidine HCl tablets were prepared in a dosage of 300 mg by fusion and direct compression methods. The powder blend and granule mixture were evaluated for various pre-compression characteristics, such as angle of repose, compressibility index, mean particle size and Hausner's ratio. The tablets were evaluated for post-compression features including weight variation, hardness, friability, drug content, dissolution time, carbon dioxide content, effervescence time, pH, content uniformity and water content. Effervescent systems with appropriate pre and post-compression qualities dissolved rapidly in water were selected as the best formulations.
Results: The results showed that the flowability of fusion method is more than that of direct compression and the F5 and F6 formulations of 300 mg tablets were selected as the best formulations because of their physicochemical characteristics.
Conclusion: In this study, citric acid, sodium bicarbonate and sweeteners (including mannitol, sucrose and aspartame) were selected. Aspartame, mint and orange flavors were more effective for masking the bitter taste of ranitidine. The fusion method is the best alternative in terms of physicochemical and physical properties.

 
Keyword(s): EFFERVESCENT TABLET, RANITIDINE HCL, FUSION METHOD, DIRECT COMPRESSION METHOD
 
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