Paper Information

Journal:   KNOWLEDGE (JOURNAL OF HUMAN SCIENCES)   SPRING-SUMMER 2012 , Volume - , Number 64/1; Page(s) 159 To 207.
 
Paper: 

THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE IN MUSLIM INTELLECTUAL SCIENCES

 
 
Author(s):  VALEH H.*
 
* SHAHID BEHESHTI UNIVERSITY
 
Abstract: 

Muslim philosophers, theologians, logicians and experts in Usul have defined knowledge as “stable, ascertained true belief”. Counting conjectures as semi- knowledge and semi -ignorance, they believe that ascertained knowledge is confined to the domain of necessary facts, while conjectural knowledge relates to the domain of contingent facts. Based on the definitions and axioms they adhered to, we can infer that they suggest that the appropriate source of belief as the criterion of knowledge. Thus we may qualify the received definition of knowledge by illuminating two parts of it i.e. “stable” and “ascertained” beccaus they are redundant. The reason why they have included these two parts is first, failure to distinguish the definition of knowledge from its criteria and second, separate the cognitive characteristics of belief from non-cognitive ones. Their approach can be described as externalistic and foundationalistic.

 
Keyword(s): KNOWLEDGE, CERTAINTY, CONJECTURE, TRUTH, EXTERNALISM, EPISTEMOLOGY, MUSLIM INTELLECTUAL SCIENCES
 
References: 
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