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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY (IJCN)   FALL 2013 , Volume 7 , Number 4; Page(s) 12 To 19.
 
Paper: 

THE IMPACTS OF HINGED AND SOLID ANKLE-FOOT ORTHOSES ON STANDING AND WALKING IN CHILDREN WITH SPASTIC DIPLEGIA

 
 
Author(s):  DALVAND HAMID, DEHGHAN LEILA, FEIZI AWAT, HOSSEINI SEYED ALI, AMIRSALARI SUSAN*
 
* DEPARTMENT OF PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, BAQIYATALLAH UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, MOLLA-SADRA ST, TEHRAN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Objective the purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of hinged and solid anklefoot orthoses (AFOs) on standing and walking abilities in children with spastic diplegia.
Materials
&Methods In a quasi-experimental design, 30 children with spastic diplegia, aged 4-6 years were recruited. They were matched in terms of age, IQ, and level of GMFCS E& R. Children were randomly assigned into 3 groups: a hinged AFO group (n=10) plus occupational therapy (OT), a solid AFO group (n=10) plus OT, a control group who used only OT for three months. Gross motor abilities were measured using Gross Motor Measure Function (GMFM).
Results we obtained statistically significant differences in the values between baseline and after treatment in all groups. The groups were also significantly different in total GMFM after intervention. Furthermore, there were differences between hinged AFOs and solid AFOs groups, and between hinged AFOs and control groups.
Conclusion we concluded that gross motor function was improved in all groups, however, hinged AFOs group appears to improve the gross motor function better than solid AFOs and control groups.

 
Keyword(s): CHILD, CEREBRAL PALSY, SPASTIC DIPLEGIA, EQUINUS DEFORMITY, ORTHOSIS, REHABILITATION
 
References: 
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