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Paper Information

Journal:   IRANIAN JOURNAL OF NURSING AND MIDWIFERY RESEARCH (IJNMR)   JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2014 , Volume 19 , Number 1; Page(s) 19 To 23.
 
Paper: 

THE EFFECT OF BANDURA’S SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY IMPLEMENTATION ON ADDICTION QUITTING OF CLIENTS REFERRED TO ADDICTION QUITTING CLINICS

 
 
Author(s):  HEYDARI ABBAS, DASHTGARD ALI*, EMAMI MOGHADAM ZAHRA
 
* BIRJAND UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES, GHAYEN SCHOOL NURSING AND MIDWIFERY, GHAYEN, IRAN
 
Abstract: 

Background: Addiction, especially addiction quitting, has been the main problem of health systems of many countries in recent years. High percentage of addiction recurrence (more than 80%) indicates that the nature and therapeutic method of addiction have not been recognized and it demands more efforts in this field. Thus, the present study was conducted with an aim to examine the effect of Bandura’s social cognitive theory implementation on addiction quitting of clients referred to Imam Reza Hospital addiction quitting clinic.
Materials and Methods: This two-group experimental study was conducted on 60 clients (30 clients in test group and 30 in control group) referred to Imam Reza Hospital addiction quitting clinic. The study tools were demographic and addiction-quitting self-efficacy questionnaires. After gathering demographic data and conducting pretest, the intervention was carried out based on Bandura’s social cognitive theory for the test group and post-test was taken 1 month after the intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS using related tests.
Results: According to the results, test group was more successful than the control group in addiction quitting. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of recurrence; it was less in the test group. A significant difference was also found between self-efficacy scores before and after the intervention in the test group.
Conclusion: Using Bandura’s social cognitive theory was effective on addiction quitting. So, it is recommended to apply it for clients referring to addiction quitting clinics.

 
Keyword(s): ADDICTION QUITTING, IRAN, RECURRENCE, SELF-EFFICACY, SOCIAL COGNITIVE THEORY, SUBSTANCE-RELATED DISORDERS
 
References: 
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